Learning is a never-ending process. With Global Economic reforms and a significant reduction in geographical barriers, it has become more accessible to learn so many things with ease. But what still proves to be a barrier is one most important thing in learning is- language.
Language plays a vital role if you wish to progress at the global level. Imagine, you have so much experience, knowledge, facts, talent and so on but you are not able to present it in front of others just because you are not familiar with their language.
Here comes the role and importance of ‘Bilingual Education.’ It is like working on the grass-roots level- in childhood. Inculcating the habit of bilingual forms of communication in young minds prepares them for brighter and wider global career opportunities. Let us read and understand this system in a better way.
What is Bilingual Education?
Bilingual Education involves teaching in two languages rather than one language- one in a native language and the other in a secondary language. Several foreign (second) languages can be taught in schools. This language system is not merely teaching the language as a subject, instead, it becomes a means of communication. Teachers communicate, give instructions and teach entirely in a second language as per the curriculum.
You may have many queries on bilingual education.
Why is there a need for bilingual education? How does it help in a child’s overall growth? How does it prove a boon globally in many aspects of life? Why must children be enrolled in bilingual education at an early age?
Do you wish to find out the answer? Please continue the reading.
Importance of Bilingual Education
It is said when a person switches to a different language, his body and mind also work differently- say he switches his personality.
- Bilingual teaching at an early age fosters mental development in kids.
- They learn proficiently both in their native language and second language.
- Widen their opportunities to communicate globally.
- Vital role in ‘right to equal education.
- This helps in both- strengthening the cultural roots in the form of native language and preparing to face the world in the form of a second language.
Different Types of Bilingual Education Models
- Transitional Bilingual Education: In this model, the native language is used as a transmission vehicle to learning English (or any other language) language. This model is used so that kids do not lack in the main subject (content) area. It is used to make children well-versed in the native language with side-by-side use of a second language. Once they get comfortable with it, then teachers switch to the second language completely.
- Immersion Bilingual System: This type of model is further subdivided into three forms- total immersion, partial immersion and dual immersion. In total immersion, all the students and all subjects are taught in a non-native language completely. Under the partial system, half of the class duration is spent teaching a second language. Lastly, in dual immersion, half of the class children can speak a second language and half are prone to the native language. In this way, both groups help each other in learning both languages.
- The 90/10 and 50/50 Models: The two-way bilingual 90/10 model is implemented in a way that 90% of instructions are given in a second language and 10% in the native language in primary classes. This proportion is gradually increased to half in higher classes. Under the 50/50 model, half is in native and half in second language.
- Late-exit Bilingual program: In this system, children’s education in their native language is for a longer duration. Their basic literary understanding is developed first and then switched into a second language.
These are the most commonly used bilingual models used in the Bilingual Education System. All of these methods used at a child’s early age develop their language learning skills and sharpen their communication skills also.
The Goal of Bilingual Education
The primary goal of the bilingual education system is to develop competency in listening, speaking, reading and writing in English (or any other language) along with the native language.
Advantages of Bilingual Language System
As you have read above, there are several pros of this system of education. Let us learn some more advantages of this education framework-
- Better Career Opportunities
- Get familiar with the cultures of different nations.
- Personality Development
- Enhanced Communication Skills
- Easier to learn at early childhood as a part of regular curriculum
- Equality in quality education, extending equal learning opportunities to children as per their interest and talents to some extent.
- Improves overall learning capacity as bilingual education scientifically helps in better development of mind.
- Better chances of selection in international school exchange programs
- Children will enjoy learning new language skills.
- Boost in Self-Confidence as you will have an extra tool to catch up with the challenges in career as well as in personal life.
- Most essential advantage- Go Global with Local.
Ah! There is a lot of information about Bilingual Education. Hope, we have been able to answer all your questions! Enjoy Learning!